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历年真题

2016年英语统考真题完形填空部分及解析

    Nothing gets people moving faster than the word "fire". When someone yells "Fire!", most people dash for(冲向)the __1__. Their only thought is to get out of the building fast. Firefighters, __2__, race just as quickly toward the fire. They want to put out the fire as fast as possible. There are more than one million firefighters in the United States today. They are trained to put out fires.

Back in the 1600s, though, there were no trained firefighters. Putting out fires was __3__ job. Cities and towns had no indoor plumbing, running water, or fire hydrants(消防栓), so water from a pond, river, or well had to be carried to the fire spot in buckets. When a fire __4__, everyone ran to help. They formed a bucket brigade (救火时排成长龙以传水救火的一队列)
. Men formed one __5__, leading from the water supply and passed buckets of water to throw on the fire. Women and children formed another line, __6__ empty buckets back to be filled. It was a very slow way to put out a fire, and many houses were burnt to the ground __7__ the fire could be put out.

Then in 1736, Benjamin Franklin __8__ up with an idea — set up a fire department. He convinced a group of people in Philadelphia to __9__ the Union Fire Company. They became the first official volunteer firefighters. Today, three out of four American firefighters are volunteers. These brave men and women do not get paid __10__ their work, but they are in good company. George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Paul Revere were all volunteer fire fighters, in their days.   

1. A. windows B. outdoors C. openings D. exits
    答案选D.
    根据后文"Their only thought is to get out of the building fast."可知人们是想逃出建筑物,所以应该是涌向“出口”。
 

  2. A. on the other hand B. by the way C. sooner or later D. as a result
    答案选A.

    on the other hand“另一方面”,前文讲建筑物里的人要逃出来,这是一个方面,本句话讲消防员要冲进去,所以是另一方面。   

3. A. another‘s B. others’ C. everyone‘s D. one’s
    答案选C.
    前文说17世纪没有专门的消防员,所以灭火是每个人的责任。
   

4. A. took out B. broke out C. came out D. got out
    答案选B.

    火灾的爆发是break out,固定用法。 

  5. A. circle B. team C. line D. group
    答案选C.
    根据后文"Women and children formed another line"可知此处横线上应该是line.
   

6. A. sending B. sent C. to send D. having sent
    答案选A.

    对照前文的格式,此处横线上应该是ing形式,send back“送回;退还”。   

7. A. since B. before C. when D. after
    答案选B.
    本句意思是“许多房屋在火被扑灭之前就倒塌了”,所以用介词before.
   

8. A. kept B. caught C. came D. put
    答案选C.

    come up with固定搭配,“想出”。   

9. A. form B. shape C. make D. develop
    答案选A.

    form意为“组成;组织”,文章意思是成立联合消防公司。

    10. A. on B. with C. to D. for
    答案选D.
    get paid for their work因他们的工作而得到酬劳,这里for是表示“为了,因为”。

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